CEO BLOG – What to Expect for the Water Sector in the Upcoming Election: Will a New Government Bring Change?

By Paul Horton, CEO

As the UK approaches another crucial election, the focus on various sectors, including water, becomes increasingly sharp. The two main parties, Conservative and Labour, have laid out their stances on water policy, highlighting different priorities and potential changes. With the possibility of a new government on the horizon, the question arises: Will there be significant regulatory changes in the water sector, or could we see the introduction of a new water bill?

Current Conservative Stance and Potential Actions:

The Conservative Party’s strategy, as presented by Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, revolves around a set of key pledges, some of which intersect with water policy. The Conservatives have shown a positive stance towards infrastructure investment in the water sector, focusing on maintaining affordability and ensuring efficient service delivery. Their specific proposals include:

Reforming Price Reviews: Though details are sparse, the Conservatives have mentioned reforms in the price review process to possibly enhance transparency and efficiency.

Strengthening Fines: Continuing and possibly strengthening fines for water companies that fail to meet regulatory standards.

The Conservatives’ approach suggests a continuity in their existing policies, with minor adjustments aimed at improving efficiency and accountability. Their commitment to infrastructure investment and keeping bills low aligns with their broader economic goals. However, there is no substantial indication that they will overhaul the regulatory structure or introduce a comprehensive new water bill. Instead, their focus appears to be on incremental improvements within the current framework.

Labour’s Position and Potential Policy Shifts:

The Labour Party, on the other hand, has shown interest in more innovative and potentially transformative approaches to water policy. Their discussions have included:

Water Fluoridation: Exploring the potential of water fluoridation to reduce dental costs, reflecting a public health angle in water policy, though this would have its own challenges.

Bill Affordability: Emphasising the importance of keeping water bills affordable, in line with their broader social equity agenda.

Stakeholder Engagement: Proactively engaging with water companies to understand and address sector challenges comprehensively.

Labour’s approach indicates a willingness to explore new regulatory measures and public health initiatives within the water sector. Their interest in water fluoridation, for instance, could introduce a new dimension to water policy that aligns with health and social care objectives. Additionally, Labour’s emphasis on stakeholder engagement suggests they may seek to implement reforms based on extensive consultation and evidence-based policy-making.

Will There Be a New Water Bill or Regulatory Overhaul?

Given the outlined positions of both parties, the likelihood of a significant regulatory overhaul or the introduction of a comprehensive new water bill depends largely on the election outcome.

Under a Conservative Government:

The Conservatives are likely to continue their current trajectory, focusing on enhancing existing structures rather than implementing a complete overhaul. Their approach is pragmatic, aiming to make the water sector more efficient and accountable without dramatic changes.

The introduction of a new water bill is less likely, as their strategy emphasises refining current practices and policies.

Under a Labour Government:

Labour’s broader and more innovative approach could lead to more substantial changes in the water sector. Their interest in water fluoridation and emphasis on affordability might result in new regulatory measures aimed at integrating public health with water policy.

While a comprehensive new water bill is not explicitly promised, Labour’s proactive stance suggests they might pursue significant reforms that could culminate in new legislative measures.

Critical Dates to Watch

Several important dates will shape the immediate future of water policy post-election:

July 9: Parliament will be re-called, and new MPs will be sworn in.

July 11: OFWAT’s draft determinations will be published, offering insights into regulatory and pricing changes.

July 17: The state opening of Parliament and the King’s Speech will outline the new government’s agenda, potentially including water policy directions.


The future of the water sector under a new government will hinge on the election results. A Conservative victory would likely mean continuity with incremental improvements, focusing on maintaining affordability and enhancing efficiency. Conversely, a Labour win could bring more innovative and potentially transformative policies, possibly integrating new public health initiatives and stakeholder-driven reforms. Whether this will translate into a new water bill remains uncertain, but Labour’s approach suggests a greater openness to legislative change.

In either scenario, the emphasis on affordability and infrastructure investment remains a common thread, reflecting the importance of the water sector in the broader socio-economic landscape. As voters head to the polls, the implications for water policy will be a crucial consideration, shaping how this vital sector evolves in the years to come. The critical dates following the election will be pivotal in setting the course for the new government’s approach to the water sector, providing early indicators of potential regulatory changes or new legislative initiatives.